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The SIBO - Candida Connection: What You Should Know About Fungal Overgrowth

SIFO and candida workshop with Ami Kapadia, MD

Lately, I’ve had candida on my mind.

Not just because I have a Live Workshop coming up with Dr. Ami Kapadia all about fungal overgrowth (aka Candida or Small Intestine Fungal overgrowth (SIFO))…

But also because treating my own fungal overgrowth was a major turning point in my own health.

See, I didn’t realize SIFO could cause the SAME symptoms as SIBO…. I was just looking for the typical candida symptoms (like white tongue and sugar cravings).

But I’m getting ahead of myself now. Let’s go back to the beginning and walk through SIFO one step at a time.

SIFO: Small Intestine Fungal Overgrowth

SIFO stands for Small Intestine Fungal Overgrowth.

Just like with Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO), SIFO happens when fungal organisms overgrow in the small intestine.

SIFO = Candida

Most SIFO is caused by an overgrowth of the Candida albicans.

It’s 100% normal to have Candida in your body. It should be living in and on your skin and mucous membranes.

But sometimes, the Candida overgrows and gets out of control (we’ll talk about why in just a minute).

SIFO Symptoms Mimic SIBO Symptoms

The most important thing SIBO patients need to know is that they might also have SIFO.

According to Dr. Ami Kapadia, MD, it’s basically impossible to tell the difference between SIBO and SIFO based on symptoms alone.

Bloating, food intolerances, pain – they can all be caused by SIFO and SIBO – alongside symptoms outside the digestive tract (like brain fog).

This can explain why your symptoms stick around even after you’ve successfully treated SIBO – it could be SIFO sneaking up on you.

Risk Factors For SIFO

Here’s what’s even more tricky: SIBO and SIFO also have many of the SAME risk factors.

Here’s what puts you at increased risk of SIFO:

  • Motility disorders (gastroparesis, Migrating Motor Complex dysfunction)
  • Acid suppressing drugs (like proton pump inhibitors and H2 blockers)
  • Pancreatic enzyme deficiency
  • Antibiotic use
  • Prior GI surgeries (especially colectomy)
  • Current use of opioids

What To Do If You Suspect SIFO

If you have SIBO (now or in the past), you should be thinking about SIFO, too.

If you are ready to learn more, I hope you’ll join me for a free Facebook Live Q&A session with Dr. Kapadia on May 22, 2019 at 4 PM Eastern.

SIFO, Candida, & SIBO Q&A with Dr. Ami Kapadia
SIBO SOS™ Community Facebook Group
.May 22, 2019 at 4 PM Eastern

Mark your calendars!

P.S. Not a member of our free private Facebook Group?  Request to join to access the Q&A with Dr. Kapadia  (it’s free) here.

sibo course

Shivan Sarna interviews guest expert, Dr. Tom Messinger on the topic of Candida

Everything from icky oral thrush, to embarrassing vaginal yeast infections, and of course, as a major cause of SIBO… candida is very much the “fungus among us.” It affects millions of people and can cause real havoc on the body, especially in the gut.

Luckily, we have expert candida fighters on our side – like Dr. Tom Messinger.

Dr. Messinger is a licensed Naturopathic Doctor with a unique history. Prior to becoming an ND, he was a Registered Nurse for 23 years, spending most of his career working in inner city Emergency Departments/Trauma Centers. He is founder and Clinic Director of Portland Natural Medicine in SE Portland.

Recently, I was able to speak with him about the pervasive issue of one of SIBO’s main causes: candida.

So, what exactly is Candida?

Simply put, Candida albicans is the most common form of fungal yeast infection in people worldwide – affecting mostly the mouth, gastrointestinal tract, skin, genitalia, and urethra. Its symptoms can range from the annoying to debilitating… everything from itching and pain to filmy white patches and blistering rashes.

When it comes to digestive symptoms, the “usual suspects” of bloating, cramping, constipation, diarrhea and even recurrent sinus problems can signify a candida infection. However, you may experience symptoms with a broad range, which is why candida itself is a tricky character to identify just from symptoms alone.

Risk Factors Leading to Candida Infections

Obviously, bacteria is all around us in the natural world. In our gut, a balance of good bacteria versus bad is what keeps us healthy and our digestive system moving along. However, there are specific links between medications we may take and the creation of a bacterial imbalance in our gastrointestinal tract, leading to candida.

So what are these specific risks?

  • Antibiotics. It’s no surprise that use and indeed, overuse of antibiotics leads to an imbalance of bacteria in our gut. Dr. Messinger points out that even antibiotics prescribed as teenagers for acne can do damage to the microbiome and puts users at risk of major fungal overgrowth.
  • Oral Contraceptives. These medications are a huge risk factor for candida, because the candida organism has estrogen receptors. When you’re taking in estrogen in the form of medicine, it’s going to cause that candida already present in your gut to reproduce and grow.
  • Steroids. While these powerful medicines may be prescribed to help an individual with inflammation, steroids will also increase the risk of candida overgrowth.

Once candida is suspected, Dr. Messinger has a series of preferred tests he will run to pinpoint the problems and address each, one by one.

Candida tests

There are several lab tests that Dr. Messinger recommends for his patients, such as:

  • Testing for IGM, IGG, and IGA antibodies (via a blood test). This is a fairly common test most insurance covers, and is administered through LabCorp. Elevated levels of these particular antibodies signals the presence of candida.
  • Broad stool panel with yeast culture. This test includes a microscopic analysis to identify if any yeast is present.
  • Organic acids test. A bit more uncommon but nonetheless useful. If a patient has an elevated level of ribonolactone in the urine – a metabolite produced by candida – then that signifies overgrowth.  

Not all tests are needed for every patient. It mainly depends on what is required for each situation and the indicators discovered. Sometimes cost is a factor for the patient and this needs to be considered.

Treating Candida the Natural Way

One thing to note about candida – it can be stubborn to treat, and make take nine months to a year to clear. The key to ridding yourself of candida is a competent doctor’s care and consistency.

Dr. Messinger is quite particular about the herbal medicines he likes to use for his SIBO patients, and in a very particular order.

MC-PZ. For days one through four, Dr. Messinger will administer a formula called MC-PZ by Beyond Balance.  It’s a combination herbal that has antimicrobial and antifungal properties.

Because many of his patients are sensitive, Dr. Messinger starts them on a lower dose – one drop twice a day. Then days five through eight will have them rotate to something else.

Oil of oregano. Popular with any functional healthcare providers in the treatment of SIBO, Dr. Messinger next puts his patients on this twice a day. At the same time, he might include a formula called Phytostan by Integrated Therapeutics, one cap three times a day.  

Mycoregen. During days nine through twelve, Dr. Messinger will give his patients a formula called Mycoregen by Beyond Balance. A stronger medicine, he proceeds with caution and starts people out at one drop twice a day. They go through a twelve-day cycle and then repeat it until results can be seen.

Additional formulas may include the antiparasitic artemisinin, Neem Plus by Research Nutritionals, and the candida offerings from Biotrex.

What About Biofilms?

Biofilms are a thin membrane organisms create that functions as a roof-like structure. The biofilms are made up of polysaccharides, lipids and metals that are relatively hard to penetrate.    

To break through the biolfilm barrier, Dr. Messinger has used serrapeptase, which has been helpful to some patients. In addition, Dr. Messinger has experimented with Beyond Balance formulas like BFM-1, which contains a Guggul lipid. Guggul is an ayurvedic herb and it’s good for breaking down these elusive organisms.

In this process, not only is the biofilm being broken up, but the organisms underneath become more accessible to the treatment. That can cause some die off, where the organism is going to produce more toxins, either because it’s being killed off and it breaks apart and releases toxins, or it’s trying to defend itself. The die off process can be uncomfortable, but should subside once the toxins released have been excreted out of the body.

Binders used during the die-off phase can also help – such as chlorella and bentonite clay (use under the care of a competent functional medical professional).

Dr. Messinger has also stated:  

“I want to say one other thing about candida, Shivan.  It is often thought, in the holistic medical field, that in candida overgrowth there is a high probability of heavy metal toxicity.”

So, you’ll want to investigate your level of heavy metal toxicity, too, in partnership with your physician.

What have you done to treat your symptoms that has worked or hasn’t worked?